Shusha is one of the pearls of Azerbaijan. It was the capital of one of the powerful and vast Azerbaijani khanates – Karabakh, created in 1747 by Panahali Khan. Once Panahali Khan bravely fought in Nagorno-Karabakh with Ottoman and Persian troops. In 1752, in the center of Nagorno-Karabakh, he built a city – the capital of the Karabakh Khanate and called it Panahabad.
Now this city is called Shushu, which means “glass”. The fact is that when the Persian troops came to the walls of the city, their leader, the ruler Aga Muhamed Khan Kajar, allegedly called Panahabad a “Glass City”, that is, a city that he would easily destroy or, as if breaking it, like glassware. However, the local residents themselves about the “Glass walls” had their own opinion: they for several weeks successfully repelled the enemy’s attacks and, in the end, won. Since then, the “glass city” Panahabad was renamed Shusha.
Shusha is rightfully called “the Azerbaijani People’s Conservatory”. Uzeyir Hajibeyov, many well-known Azerbaijani composers, poets and writers, came from here.
In Soviet times, the Carpet Museum was established in Shusha, one of the largest in the republic, one of the most original and interesting in Azerbaijan. The city is also famous for unique products made of gold, silver, copper, fine silk and skilfully carved wood. Now, after the seizure of Armenia by Shushi and a number of other regions of Azerbaijan, the fate of many masterpieces is unknown, and those that managed to be saved are kept in the museums of Baku.