The city of Gabala is located 225 km from Baku, here is the ruins of an ancient settlement, which is more than two thousand years old. Ancient Gabala was almost 600 years old as the capital of Caucasian Albania, it was mentioned by Pliny and other famous historians of antiquity and the Middle Ages. This city many times overhauled and collapsed – for example, in the 1st century BC it was captured by the troops of the Roman commander Pompey, and in the XIV century – by the emir of Timur. Each time the conquerors did not leave stone in stone in Gabala, and the local residents had to rebuild the city again and again from the ruins.At one time the city was famous for its famous quarter of artisans throughout the Caucasus, where, during archaeological excavations, pitchers and amphoras found here from ancient Greece, Egypt, Syria, India and Rome were found. Most of the monuments in modern Gabala are the ruins of ancient fortresses, mosques, mausoleums, and most of these buildings date back to the 9th century. There are within the city and a unique chestnut grove, the age of trees in which more than 500 years.