West Touristic zone of Azerbaijan
Hajigabul The population of the district is 60 thousand people; The regional center, the city of Hajigabul – 22 thousand people. GADZHIGABUL DISTRICT occupies part of the ancient Mughan – a fertile land on the Kura-Araz plain. The climate is semi-desert, dry, hot, with mild winter. In winter, the air temperature does not go below plus 6 degrees. The rain falls a little. Despite this, along the course of the river KURA there are areas of tugai forests and shrubs. In the area there is a lake GADZHIGABUL, formed as a result of the natural withdrawal of the Caspian Sea in a certain geological period. The spring floods of the Chickens have increased the pond of the lake, and now it also receives the warm waters of the Alibayramli GRES. The depth of the lake is small – 5 meters, does not freeze in winter. It is of great importance as a place for wintering migratory birds, nesting waterbirds, many of which are rare, endangered species. Here carpet weaving was developed. Until now, the tradition of hand carpets of the “Sarah Khalcha” type of the Shirvan school has been preserved. The city of GADZHIGABUL is the administrative center of the district. Remoteness from Baku is 113 km. The name of the city in translation means “May God, the Most High, your Hajj.” Hajj – a pilgrimage to the holy places of Muslims – Mecca and Medina. The person who performed the Hajj receives the honorary title “Haji”, which becomes a prefix to his name. Hajj, in fact, is a complex of spiritual concepts, including also requests to the Almighty for mercy, various vows, etc. Therefore, the name of the city says that it was not only a parking lot for caravans of merchants, but also those who performed hajj. Sometimes pilgrims came with caravans, but some voted to make a hajj on foot. And here once there were caravanserais both for the reception of pilgrims, and merchants traveling to the Persian Gulf region.Near Lake Hajigabul Shah Abbas in the XVII century was also built a large caravanserai, and during the Safavid dynasty a city was built, which was then called Mahmudabad. Later this name was forgotten, and the city was again called Hajikabul. However, at this point people lived 5 thousand years ago, – to the north-west of the city, on the mountain HARAMI archaeologists discovered the remains of a cyclopean structure with petroglyphs on the walls. Around him, on the rocks are also found images of people and unusual, fantastic animals. Scientists date this object to the period of the Eneolithic. Around Hajigabul, other historical and architectural monuments have been preserved. In the village of Guba-Baloglan-hanega Pir Hussein, which includes: an ancient mosque with a minaret, fortress walls, a caravanserai, living quarters (XIII-XIV centuries), the mausoleum of Sheikh Hussein, who lived in the XI century, in honor of which two Century was erected a mausoleum; As well as the ancient bridge (XVII – XIX centuries.). Glazed tiles of hanega are rightfully considered to be one of the best in the entire Muslim East. Currently, some of the tiles are in the State Hermitage of St. Petersburg and the Museum of Literature. Nizami Ganjavi in Baku. In the village of Udulu, the Günergmüß defensive tower of the early Middle Ages was preserved. Its name speaks of the determination of the defenders not to yield to the enemies to the last. CYRDAMIR The population of the district is 96400 people; The district center – the city of Kurdamir – 17800 people. KYURDAMIR DISTRICT is located to the north-west of Baku, in Shirvan – the historical region of Azerbaijan. It is a beautiful, fertile area, very attractive for tourism and recreation – sometimes it is called Gulistan (flower garden). Summer here is hot, the climate is steppe, with dry summers. The animal world is diverse – there are wild boars, wolves, foxes, jackals, pheasants, carcasses, wild ducks and geese. This region is famous for its vineyards, and the most famous grape variety is called “Shirvanshahli” (that is, Shah’s). Kurdamir region is famous for its traditions of carpet weaving. The most famous type of local carpets on the world market is Shilyan. These carpets are woven in the village of the same name, not far from Kurdamir. CITY CURDIAMIR is the administrative center of Kurdamir region, located on the left bank of the Kura River. The distance from BAKU is 189 km. You can dine here in numerous cafes and restaurants along the route Baku-Ganja. The most popular of them is the Garabag restaurant, 5 km west of the district center. Yevlakh The population of the region is 110,700; District center, – the city of Yevlakh – 52900 people. EVLAKH DISTRICT is located on the right bank of the Kura River and is one of the cities of the region traditionally called the people of Gyanjabasar, that is, the territory of the former Ganja Khanate. Ganjabasar includes several regions of Azerbaijan, which have not only a common history, but also are united by similar climatic and geographical conditions. CITY OF EHLAH is the administrative center of Yevlakh region, distance from Baku is 287 km. Yevlakh is remarkable for its location – it is at the crossroads of many roads that depart from here to the cities of Mingechevir, Sheki, Balakan, Ganja, Khankendi. It is not for nothing that Yevlakh was called in the written sources of the 12th century “Gates of Garabagh”. Not only caravans and travelers traveled through these “gates,” but they also drove flocks of sheep to summer pastures-yylagi, located on alpine meadows. In Yevlakh, in the villages of Garamamedli, Garamanly, Khaldan, a number of archaeological objects of the Bronze Age and the early Middle Ages were discovered. Terter The population of the district is 94,200; District center, – the city of Terter – 17900 people. Garabagh is a fertile land, one of the most ancient regions of Azerbaijan, where once the famous Garabagh Khanate was located with its center in the city of Shusha. The region is rich in historical and architectural monuments of antiquity, possesses magnificent fauna and flora. One of the bright, colorful types of the Azerbaijani carpet – “Garabagh” was born here, a famous breed of Garabagh horses was bred. The land with such a nature could not fail to give the land of Azerbaijan talented poets, writers, musicians. The most famous Khanende – mugham performers (national song genre) – came from Garabagh, and the melodies of mugham formed the basis of the national opera art of Azerbaijan. Unfortunately, Garabagh is now occupied by Armenian invaders. TERTER DISTRICT from the north borders the Inja River (“Gentle”) and is located in the lower reaches of the River Terter. The temperature in winter does not fall below 2 g. Heat, and in summer rarely rises above 25 g. The climate in the area is different – there are regions with a temperate climate, there are some regions of the semi-deserts. It is these differences caused by the transhumance sheep breeding of the region. The Khachin-tea River also flows through the territory of the region. In ancient times, this territory was part of the state of Albania – one of the early state formations of Azerbaijan (Manna, Media, Atropatena, Caucasian Albania). Albanians, like the rest of Azerbaijanis, were Zoroastrians in ancient times, later they converted to Christianity. CITY TERTER is the administrative center of the Terter district. It is located on both banks of the River Terter. The distance from Baku is 332 km. In addition to animal husbandry and agriculture, here they also deal with primordial crafts – carpet weaving, knitting and embroidery. The city is located on the ancient caravan route, its historical name is Chaparkhan. Nearby there are a number of architectural objects: in the settlements of Terter, Kengerli, Garadagly, Gaynag, Azad Garagoyunlu. Naftalan Not far from the city of Goranboy (district center) is a small city of NAFTAALAN. The population is 6500 people. It is a resort town with sanatoriums and boarding houses, where patients are treated with naphthalan oil and ointments made on its basis. Naftalan is a good remedy for the treatment of wounds, skin, nervous, urological and gynecological diseases, liver, joints and soft periarticular tissues of the musculoskeletal system. The city was built on the site of a small village with the same name. And this name comes from the word NAFTA – that is, “flowing, leaking” – in the language of ancient Media, one of the state formations on the territory of Azerbaijan. Already several thousand years ago in Azerbaijan they knew and were able to use not only oil, but also naftalan for various purposes. Not only local residents, but also the soldiers of Alexander the Great, Roman legionaries, Vikings who raided Azerbaijan, Alans, Khazars and representatives of other tribes – treated their wounds with naftalan. Naftalan was also exported: it was exported to other countries in caravan routes – to Kievan Rus, Central Asia, Afghanistan, India, the Persian Gulf countries. Famous medieval traveler Marco Polo describes naftalan as follows: “magic ointment that helps from skin diseases”. When the boom of the oil industry began in Baku in the 19th century, many Europeans – engineers, industrialists, bankers – appeared in Azerbaijan. In 1874 the German engineer Jager became interested in stories of local residents about naphthalan and established the production of “Naftalan” ointment in Germany. He exported it to various countries of the world. Obviously, German ointment manufacturers based on Azerbaijani naftalan were good managers, because this ointment was used not only in European countries: in the Russian-Japanese war of 1904, Japanese soldiers with jars of naphthalan ointment were included in the kit of the first-aid kit and served as first aid equipment . On the jars there was even an inscription: “Who has this ointment, he is not afraid of wounds.” You can stop here at the sanatorium “Chinar”. Ganja The city of Gyandzha is located on the Ganja-Gazakh lowland, along the banks of the Ganjachai River, which cuts the city into two parts. Here lies the boundary of two climatic zones – moderately warm semi-deserts and dry steppes and moderately warm. The population is 302 thousand people, the distance from Baku is 375 km. It is the second largest city in Azerbaijan. Universities: Ganja State, agricultural (a branch of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, scientific research institute of cotton production, an experimental agricultural station to build a modern Olympic Sport Complex Ganja – homeland of world famous poet Nizami Gyandzhevi, poetess Mehseti Khanum, Mirza Shafi Vazeh There are many historical monuments: Juma Mosque… madrassah mausoleum SHEIKH IBRAHIM, GIZIL Hajali mosque OZAN, BALA Bagban, SHARAFHANLY, SHAHSEVAN. Large and small bridges (XII century) complexes caravanserais And structures – IMAMZADE with blue tiled domes, beautiful old city baths (now in force) .You must definitely visit the mausoleum of Nizami Ganjavi, located at the entrance to the city.Ganja is one of the oldest cities, playing a big role in the history of our country in different periods. The Arabs called this city Janza. Archaeologists found on the site of Ganja ancient settlements dating from the II. BC, around Ganja, many archaeological objects of the Bronze Age were discovered. The very history of Ganja is the history of its destruction by the invaders almost to the base and the subsequent bright flowering. It was destroyed by the Khazar-Arab wars, Alans, Mongols, Georgian princes and Ottomans. In the XI century, the Christian head of the Alban moved his residence to Ganja from the ruined Barda. In Ganja, Christianity and Islam coexisted peacefully, along the caravan routes through the city were goods from the eastern countries in the Black Sea region. In the XII century, Ganja was the capital and residence of feudal rulers, but at the same time the city suffered two strongest earthquakes – in 1139 Ganja was destroyed by one of the earthquakes, killing about 250 thousand people. One of the peaks of Mount Kapaz collapsed, overlapping the riverbed of the Agsu river and forming Lake Goy-gol. In the XVII century the city was moved to 6 km to the east. At the beginning of the XVIII century, the city once again survived the invaders’ attacks, but already in the middle of this century it became the center of the Ganja Khanate, which existed before its capture by Russia. In 1804, the defense of Ganja against the superior forces of the Russian army ended with the heroic death of Javad Khan Ganjinsky on the walls of the city. After that, Ganja was renamed Elizavetpol (1804th year) in honor of the Russian Empress. During the collapse of the Russian Empire, in 1918 Ganja was the capital of an independent Azerbaijan Republic for several months. At this time, a military officer school was established here. In 1935, Ganja was renamed into Kirovabad. The original name was returned to Ganja only in 1989, on the threshold of Azerbaijan’s independence and the collapse of the USSR. Now around Ganja there is a resort zone GADZHIKEND with a lot of tourist routes, boarding houses, tourist centers, rest houses. The state reserve “GOY-GOL” is the first nature reserve in Azerbaijan, it was established in 1925 to protect and study the ecosystems of the middle forest and partial subalpine belts of the Lesser Caucasus, and also the mountain lakes Goy-Gol and Maral-gol, Zali-gol and The area of the reserve is occupied by forests and mountain meadows. Lake Goy-Gol is located to the south of Ganja, on the northern slopes of Murovdag, at an altitude of 1,566 meters, and is considered the pearl of the lakes of Azerbaijan. The reserve consists of two territories – the main one and the branch, which is called “GROUND OF ELDARSKY PINE”, is the first reserve in the territory of the Caucasus. The distance between them is 80-85 km. In the city there is a museum of local history, among which there are interesting finds of the Bronze Age. The Drama and Children’s Puppet Theaters also function in Ganja. Tourists and guests of the city can stay in the hotel “Ganja” (city center). Khanlar The population of the district is 54400 people; District center, – the city of Khanlar – 17600 people. KHANLAR DISTRICT is located at the foot of the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus, south of Ganja. This is an area with developed agriculture, very picturesque. The climate is moderately hot, there are many nesting places for birds. The rivers – Ganjachay and Gushgar – are wonderful places for fishing and hunting. The highest point of the region is 3724 m above sea level – the mountain of the Murovdag ridge. This area is very popular with tourists and ecotourists. They stay in houses with local residents, in the surrounding villages. The city of Khanlar is the administrative center of Khanlar district. The distance from Baku is 384 km.Khanlar was founded in the XIX century on the site of the ancient village of Khanyglar by German settlers, who carefully planned the city with their neatness and in 1819 named it Eleniendorf. Their presence is still reminiscent of flat streets, wooden houses with carved facades, the church (the Lutheran church). During the Soviet times, local Germans were evicted to Central Asia by order of Stalin. There is a museum of history, a music school, a cinema, many cafes and restaurants. It is a quiet, green city, from where tourists go on hikes on various tourist routes. Archaeological finds dating from the Bronze Age and Iron Age speak of the ancient history of the city. Historical and architectural monuments preserved in the Khanlar: Lutheran Church (1854), two bridges on the Ganja-chai River – “IKI GZEL KERPU” (XVI century) and “UCH GYZEL KERPU” (1896). Monuments in the vicinity of Khanlar – this is the fortress of the XII century. In the village ZURNABAD, MAVZOLAY XVI century. In the village of SARY GAYA, the bridge “AG KERPU” of the 12th century in the village of Topalgasanli, as well as a number of monuments in the village of Chaykand.Dashkesen The population of the aryon is 31400 people; District center, – the city of Dashkesan – 9,400 people. DASHKESAN area is the center of mining extraction of Azerbaijan and is located on the north-eastern slopes of the Lesser Caucasus. Temperature differences here can be large: in winter to minus 20 degrees, which is not typical for Azerbaijan, and in summer it can be 35 degrees. Heat, as on Absheron, located in the semi-desert zone. Clean air, mountain pastures with alpine meadows and springs attract tourists and tourists. In the territories of the villages Khoshbulag, Zagaly, Gurbulag, Amirvar, Bayan, Dardary archaeologists have discovered the remains of ancient settlements of the Stone Age. Two ancient stone bridges over the river Gushgara and the mausoleum in the village of Ahmedli are historical and architectural monuments that have survived to this day. In the village of Gushchu there is a monastery of the year 487. In the village of Bayan you can see the ruins of a Christian church of the 15th century. THE CITY OF DASHKESAN is the administrative center of the district. The distance from Baku is 397 km. The name of the city is translated as “stone cutter”, – the region has long been famous for masons and masters – craftsmen carving in stone and wood. Of folk handicrafts, carpet weaving and knitting of jorabs are now developed. In small restaurants here they offer dishes of national cuisine. In kebabs (shashlik) you can not only taste delicious national dishes from fresh meat, but also listen to folk music performed by ashugs (folk singers – improvisers). Dashkesan honey is considered to be one of the best in the republic. Here, in the area of the village Khoshbulag people like to come to rest residents of the nearby city of Ganja. Shamkir The population of the district is 178400 people; District center, the city of Shamkir – 36100 people. In the Shamkir district there are many archaeological objects of the Bronze Age and Early Iron Age. They are found in the villages CHENLIBEL, SEIDYLAR, GARAJAMIRLI. There are also a number of architectural monuments of the medieval history: fortresses in the villages of TATARLA and ASHAGA SEYFELLI; Bridges in the villages of TECHNELI and on the river ZEGAM; Christian churches in the villages of JUHARA CHAIKEND, GUNASHLY, DAG JEIER. Here are good places for lovers of fishing – ENIKEND dam on the river KURA. SHAMKIR CITY is the administrative center of the district, is an hour’s drive from the city of Ganja, distance from Baku is 417 km. In the XIX century there lived a small colony of German settlers – ANNENFELD. Just like in Khanlar, they left some perfectly straight streets and a Lutheran church. According to written and archaeological sources, the city was founded in the 5th – 6th century, not far from the present village of Mukhtariat, on the banks of the river Beyuk Shamkir, 20 km from modern Shamkir. In the Middle Ages the city was called Shamkur, it had a feudal castle with 8 towers. The wealth of Shamkur attracted not only merchants, but also conquerors. During its existence, the city, like many ancient cities of Azerbaijan, was destroyed, then restored and experienced a period of prosperity. But after another rout, the remaining population moved from here, and founded a new city. The remains of two ancient fortresses of the XVII century – SHAMKHOR GALA and KEROGLU GALA (the name was given to this fortress in honor of Koroglu – the hero of the national epic, which became the national symbol of heroic resistance to enslavers and oppressors) are preserved in the vicinity of modern Shamkir. Many scholars are inclined to think that Koroglu was a historical, real person. But the location of its present fortress Chenlibel is not reliably established. In Shamkir, you can have lunch at the restaurants “Khan Sarai”, “Murovdag”, “Ephesus-1″, and to rent a private house or a separate room. GADABEI The population of the district is 89300 people; District center, the city of Gadabay – 8500 people. HYDABAI DISTRICT is located in the mountains of the Lesser Caucasus, including the highlands (the tops of Goshabulag – 3549 m and Gojadag – 3317 m) and mountains of medium height. The difference in altitude above sea level also creates different climatic conditions – the climate of the mountain tundra turns into dry with a hot summer. The distance from Baku is 462 km. In Gadabey it is possible to travel from both Shamkir and Tovuz, from Govlyar station. However, the Tovuz road, although picturesque, but impassable for cars: an off-road vehicle is needed here. In the territory of the Gadabay region good fishing conditions are located on the Shamkir River, near the village of Galakyand there is a fishing farm. The flora and fauna of the Gadabay region are rich and diverse – on its territory there is a reserve “GYZYLCHA”. And also several natural objects from the state list “Natural Monuments of Azerbaijan” are the forests of Shamlyg, Gamysh, Gedakdarya, Govdu. Here springs springs – KECHI-KECHI, JUYUR, AYY, JARGA, there are springs of mineral waters – NARZAN, GYZYLJA, MORMOR, JALDASH. Monuments of ancient culture were discovered here, which entered the history of Azerbaijan as Khodzhali-Gyadabey culture. Cyclopean structures of the Bronze Age, as well as the so-called “Gyadabeyskiye Klady” were found: household utensils, ancient jugs with jewels, silver coins of the 16th century. – the period of Shah Tahmasib’s rule – they were in circulation in the region from Tabriz (present-day Iran) to Shirvan and Ganja. From the historical and architectural structures in the region the ARCHE BRIDGE (XIX century) has been preserved; Tower in the village of GALA (XVI century), the tower GALAZA (or NAMERD GALA – IX century) in the village SOYUDLU; In villages NOVOSARATOVKA, SOYUDLU, CHANAHCHI and KILYAVI there are Christian temples of the early Middle Ages. In the village of SARATOVKA live Russian Old Believers – Dukhobors. They have preserved their material and spiritual culture to this day. Crafts in the region have carved wood, carpet weaving, knitting jorabs (socks) and mittens from coarse, brightly colored woolen threads), processing sheep’s skins. The territory of Azerbaijan was the subject of close attention of some well-known western businessmen. For example, br. NOBEL, who made a fortune on Baku oil. A German firm “SIEMENS”, which built in the late XIX century. Two copper smelters in Gyadabey. This plant gave tsarist Russia a quarter of all copper smelted. The brothers Siemens were keenly interested in the history of this unusual land, and organized archaeological excavations in this region, according to which the scientific work “GALAKYAND” was written. You can stop at a hotel located in the city center. Tovuz The population of the district is 147600 people; The regional center, the city of Tovuz – 12800 people. The TOUZSKIY DISTRICT of Azerbaijan borders on Georgia and Armenia and is located in the west of the republic. On its territory there are rivers – Kura, Akhynja, Tovuz, Zayam and others. On the mountain slopes there are many forests with springs rich in flora and fauna (wolves, foxes, hares, toasters, partridges). The climate is dry. Here you can hunt – mainly on hares and waterfowl. Monuments of the past are preserved in the Tovuz region. The most interesting are the temple of the 12th century. In the village of KIRZAN; Mosque of the XVII century. In the village of Yanil; Mausoleums in the village of GAZGULU; A fortress in the village of ALIBEYLI. And also a lot of archaeological objects of the Bronze Age, iron and early Middle Ages. CITY TUZU is the administrative center of the district. Distance to Baku is 457 km. Like many cities in Azerbaijan, it is based on the site of the most ancient settlements of the Stone Age and the Bronze Age, as if the memory of the ancestral homelands that succeeded each other for millennia was established at the genetic level of the people. The name of the city, according to ancient Turkic written sources, came from the merger of the names of two related Turkic tribes – OGUZOV and TOVUZ. It took place here, therefore, it was fixed as a toponym. As a modern settlement, Tovuz was founded by German immigrants, who named it Traubenfeld. Here, in Tovuz, there is a small ashug museum of Bozalganli (1860-1942). He became famous for knowing the whole epos of Koroglu by heart. Arriving tourists stop, usually in the homes of local residents who rent out rooms or houses. You can also stay at the motel “GUNAI”. There are also restaurants in Tovuz, the largest of which are “XXI Century”, “ANAR”, “VLADIVOSTOK”.Agstapha The population of the district is 75,600; The regional center, the city of Agstafa – 12100 people. AGSTAFIN AREA is located in the foothills of the Greater Caucasus, on the western borders of Azerbaijan – the border with Georgia and Armenia. The climate in the area is moderate, the population is engaged in cattle breeding, agriculture. Here there are several small rivers and the tributary of the Kura – the Agstafa river, the JANDARGEL lake. At 20 km from the town of Agstafa, in the village of TATLY there is a spring of Gyalachma, where local residents and tourists often come to relax and taste the local kebab (shish kebab). On the bank of the Kura is GARAZYA – the State Reserve, established in 1978 on an area of 4.9 thousand hectares for the protection and restoration of the Kursk tugai forests of the Garayaz lowland and the middle course of the Kura River. The main protected object here is a large massif of tugai forests. In the Agstafa district there is also a reserve “KARAZYA-AKSTAFA”, created in 1923 (an area of 12.0 thousand hectares) for the conservation and restoration of the Caucasian noble deer, pheasant, turach, etc. The reserve is located on the border with Georgia in the zone Tugai forests of the middle reaches of the Kura River. Its flora and fauna are identical to the flora and fauna of the reserve “KARAZYA”, with which the reserve borders directly.In the area were discovered: an ancient settlement of the Paleolithic era MALL NAGA TEPESI near the village of KECHASKER; TOWER OF THE XVII CENTURY and MOSQUE OF THE XIX CENTURY in the village GYRAG KESEMEN; Mosques of the XIX century in the villages of KOLKHALVELI, GARAGASANLI, DAGGESEMEN, DYUZ GYSHLAG. The entire region is literally “studded” with monuments of the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and iron, including the city of Agstafa. This indicates a large population of the region in archaic times. All these archaeological sites are still awaiting detailed research and further excavations. Outside the town of Agstafa, on the Keshikchidag mountain range, near the Choban yatagh (summer grazing areas), there is a defensive fortress and cave monasteries of the Caucasian Albania of the early Christianity. Due to the fact that this zone was forbidden in the USSR due to the location of the Transcaucasian military unit there, this unique complex was not investigated. Access to it was not, many paintings in the caves suffered from sighting artillery strikes. Now this complex of the Caucasian Albania – one of the state formations of ancient Azerbaijan – is occupied by archaeologists of the National Academy of Sciences. The city of Agstafa is not far from the border with Georgia. The distance from Baku is 479 km. The city was founded in 1914th year of the 20th century as a railway junction. It was small and was called Elizabethinka. By rail from here you can drive to Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia. In Agstafa they take great care to preserve the historical and architectural monuments of the region and the cultural heritage – carpet weaving, ashugs singers. In the local history museum there are archaeological finds: bowls, vases, household items and ornaments. The city of Agstafa is a cozy, small town with a park in the center, a cinema, restaurants “TOURIST”, “INJAGYUL”, “TOURAL”, “SERINLIK”, “CARVAN”, “POLISH”, “DYLI KUR”, “BAGS HERE” “BANOVSHA”. You can stop at the hotel “GASANSU” (there is a restaurant) located on the road from Tovuz to Agstafa.Gazakh The population of the district is 83 thousand people; The district center – the city of Gazakh – 19 thousand people. GAZAKH DISTRICT is located near the western border of Azerbaijan. In general, Gazakh and Agstafa regions are not only the western border of modern Azerbaijan, but also the ancient state of Caucasian Albania. In two separate administrative regions – Gazakh and Agstafa – this region was divided not so long ago. Here there are historical (architectural and archaeological) monuments protected by the state: the SYNYG KERPU bridge (XII century); Cave DAMJILY; A temple of the 5th century in the village of Juharya ASKIPARA; The temple SHEKER GALA (XV century); Fortress structure of megalithic type DIDEVAN; The temple complex of the Albanian period (VII century) in the village of DASH SALAKHLI; Mountain GEZYAN with the remains of fortress walls (later the Middle Ages), next to which an ancient urban settlement was recently discovered.In the territory of the Gazakh region, many sites of an ancient man were found. On the mountain AVEIDAG, between the villages of Dash Salahli and Kemarli, in the valley of the Inja-Su river, in the northeast spurs of the Lesser Caucasus, cave sites of the Neanderthals (the era of the Mousterian) were discovered; Parking Cro-Magnon – near the cave DAMJILY in Aveydaga; Near Gyzyl Gaya, a beautiful rock of golden-pink color, – there was discovered a fortified settlement of HAL-HAL with remains of fortress walls (presumably this is one of the summer residences of the rulers of Albania). Archaeologists find here right on the surface, without excavations, numerous remains of pottery from the Bronze Age; Here once the Albanians defeated the Roman soldiers of Pompey. In ancient written sources this is written as follows: “10 thousand horsemen and 60 thousand foot soldiers of Alban fought with Pompey’s troops.” To the west of Gyzyl Gaya, a chain of barrow burial places of the Bronze Age was found in the gorge of BIRKIN AGZA. All these historical objects (except the Sons of Kerpu Bridge) are located not far from Gazakh. Enthusiasts of the native land collected a large number of archaeological artifacts exhibited in the local museum of local lore. In the village of YUHARA SALAKHLA you can visit the house of the famous Azerbaijani poet SAMEDA VURGUN. The terrain in the Gazakh region – the mountains and valleys, the rivers (Kura, Agstafachay, Joghaz, Khramchai) – has always been very convenient for seasonal livestock – local shepherds (chobans) have driven herds of sheep from summer mountain pastures to winter sites. The nature itself determined the local features of folk music and cuisine. There are many ashug singers invited to various family celebrations and holidays. CITY GASES (the ancient names “Casal” or “Gazak”) is located on the site of a former settlement, founded, according to some written sources, in the VIII century by the commander Mervan ibn Muhammad. Gazakh is the last major city on the western border of Azerbaijan – the birthplace of talented poets and writers (Gazakh people are known in the people as people famous for their special, poetic perception). Many famous ashugs, scientists, generals came from this place. They are poets Samad Vurgun, Molla Panah Vagif, writers Mehti Huseyn, Ismail Shikhli, Port Arthur defender, nicknamed “the god of artillery”, General Aliaga Shikhlinsky, etc. It was here, in Gazakh, in 1917, the first in Azerbaijan was opened Teacher’s seminary. In the city there are museums devoted to the life of famous poets – Gazakh people – VAGIFA and VIDADI, an ancient mosque, other interesting objects. Gazakh is one of the oldest centers of carpet weaving and horse breeding. Here and now bred the horses of the famous local breed DILIBOZ. The carpets of the Gazakh carpet-weaving school “Dag Kesaman”, “Gazakhcha”, “Akkoyunlu”, “Derdbujnuz”, “Damgaly”, “Shikhly”, “Chobankyarya”, “Borchaly”, “Fakhraly”, “Gaymagly” . The kitchen of the Gazakh zone is unpretentious, consists mainly of simple meat and flour dishes, but very tasty. It is better for tourists to stay in the homes of local residents.