Yuxarı Keçid

National parks

National parks- territories that have the status of nature protection and scientific research departments used for nature protection, education, science, culture and other purposes on the territory of which special ecological, historical, aesthetic and other significant natural complexes are located.

Name :Girkan National Park

Year of creation: 2004

Area (hectare): 21435

Location: On the territory of Lenkoran and Astara Districts. Short description: Created to protect the landscapes of humid subtropics. The National Park consists of the plain part of the Lenkoran lowland and the mountain landscape of the Talysh Mountains. Lankaran natural region has rich fauna and flora, including many rare and endemic species. The flora of the reserve consists of 1,900 species, including 162 endemic, 95 rare and 38 endangered species. It consists of ironwood, Gleditschia triacanthos, zelkov, Quercus Castaneifolia, Ficus hyrcanys and other species. There are many endemic and rare animals in the reserve, in particular among representatives of earthen mollusks and flightless insects, as well as various species of amphibians. Bird endemism is well represented, up to a subspecific level, while the species level is relatively poor. The main protected sites are natural lowland complexes and low mountain forest zones of the Lenkoran natural region, including a unique well-preserved section of the lower forest and an ecosystem of rare Girkan-type forests.

 

Name: Shirvan National Park

Year of foundation: 2003

Area (hectare): 54373.5

Location: Within the territory of Salyan district and Neftchala and Garadagh districts of Baku. Summary description: Created to protect and reproduce the Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa), waterfowl and typical plant biotypes of the Shirvan Lowland. If you take into account the climatic conditions, the reserve is located in the zone of a moderately warm semi-desert and arid steppe. Summers are hot and dry, the winters are mild and dry. Vegetation in the reserve is represented by several species. Desert type is represented by Halocnemum, Halostachys and Salicornia, which grow in solonchaks. The Halocnemum plant occupies approximately 40% of the territory of the reserve. The most common form of Halocnemum is strobilaceum. Phytocenosis Halostachys has a complex structure and a richer saturated composition than Halocnemum. Halostachys grows on the top of a hill, the slopes of the mountains are covered with crops and colorful grass belonging to a group of ephemeral. Salicornia plant grows in a small area of the central part of the reserve as a result of wet salt lakes and a high level of groundwater. In addition to Salicornia europaea, ranchenia and lemongrass are also growing. Semidesert type of plants is represented by phytocenosis and ephemeral warm water plants. The latest plant community, covering 40% of the reserve territory, has a rich content. Dominated by warm-water plants, among them there are also 20-25 species of ephemeral, including mant crops: Poa bulbosa, Bromus, hare barley (Hordeum leporium). Meadow plants grow on the humid lowlands of the relief. The grass is 2-layered and consists of a camel thorn (first layer) and Aeluropus repens (second layer). In some places wormwood and barley hare (Hordeum leporium) are found. The fauna of the reserve is poorly understood. Among the unicellular animals there are a green toad, a lake frog and Hylidae. Among the reptiles are the swamp, Caspian and Mediterranean tortoises, lizard, water snake (Natrix natrix), Vipera lebetina and others. The avifauna is also poorly understood, but, referring to existing data in the reserve bustard (Otides), Francolinus francolinus, little bustard (Otis tetrax), white-tailed eagle (Heliaeetus albicilla), a steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) , The gray-headed falcon (Falco cherrug) and Pterocletes oriebtalis. In winter, the ponds there is a large number of migratory birds: Greylag Goose (Anser anser), mallard (Anas platyphynchus), pintail (Anas acuta), and others. The rare species of mammals are Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa), wild boar, wolf, jackal, jungle cat (Felis chaus) fox, badger, hare and other European. Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa), the great bustard (Otidis), little bustard (Otis tetrax), orlan- tailed (Heliaeetus albicilla), a steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis), the peregrine falcon (Falco cherrug), gray-hawk, Mediterranean turtle in the Red Data Book. The most protected objects are the natural semi-desert complexes of the northeastern Shirvani, which in turn are distinguished by the world’s largest population of Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa) and the marsh ecosystem, which is a nesting site, a migratory route and a wintering place for many valuable and rare birds The western part of Shor-Gel Lake)

Name: Shirvan National Park

Year of foundation: 2003

Area (hectare): 54373.5

Location: Within the territory of Salyan district and Neftchala and Garadagh districts of Baku. Summary description: Created to protect and reproduce the Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa), waterfowl and typical plant biotypes of the Shirvan Lowland. If you take into account the climatic conditions, the reserve is located in the zone of a moderately warm semi-desert and arid steppe. Summers are hot and dry, the winters are mild and dry. Vegetation in the reserve is represented by several species. Desert type is represented by Halocnemum, Halostachys and Salicornia, which grow in solonchaks. The Halocnemum plant occupies approximately 40% of the territory of the reserve. The most common form of Halocnemum is strobilaceum. Phytocenosis Halostachys has a complex structure and a richer saturated composition than Halocnemum. Halostachys grows on the top of a hill, the slopes of the mountains are covered with crops and colorful grass belonging to a group of ephemeral. Salicornia plant grows in a small area of the central part of the reserve as a result of wet salt lakes and a high level of groundwater. In addition to Salicornia europaea, ranchenia and lemongrass are also growing. Semidesert type of plants is represented by phytocenosis and ephemeral warm water plants. The latest plant community, covering 40% of the reserve territory, has a rich content. Dominated by warm-water plants, among them there are also 20-25 species of ephemeral, including mant crops: Poa bulbosa, Bromus, hare barley (Hordeum leporium). Meadow plants grow on the humid lowlands of the relief. The grass is 2-layered and consists of a camel thorn (first layer) and Aeluropus repens (second layer). In some places wormwood and barley hare (Hordeum leporium) are found. The fauna of the reserve is poorly understood. Among the unicellular animals there are a green toad, a lake frog and Hylidae. Among the reptiles are the swamp, Caspian and Mediterranean tortoises, lizard, water snake (Natrix natrix), Vipera lebetina and others. The avifauna is also poorly understood, but, referring to existing data in the reserve bustard (Otides), Francolinus francolinus, little bustard (Otis tetrax), white-tailed eagle (Heliaeetus albicilla), a steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) , The gray-headed falcon (Falco cherrug) and Pterocletes oriebtalis. In winter, the ponds there is a large number of migratory birds: Greylag Goose (Anser anser), mallard (Anas platyphynchus), pintail (Anas acuta), and others. The rare species of mammals are Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa), wild boar, wolf, jackal, jungle cat (Felis chaus) fox, badger, hare and other European. Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa), the great bustard (Otidis), little bustard (Otis tetrax), orlan- tailed (Heliaeetus albicilla), a steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis), the peregrine falcon (Falco cherrug), gray-hawk, Mediterranean turtle in the Red Data Book. The most protected objects are the natural semi-desert complexes of the northeastern Shirvani, which in turn are distinguished by the world’s largest population of Persian gazelle (Gazella sulguturosa) and the marsh ecosystem, which is a nesting site, a migratory route and a wintering place for many valuable and rare birds The western part of Shor-Gel Lake)

 

Name :  Ordubad National Park

Year of Foundation: 2003 Area (hectare): 12131 Location: Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, on the territory of Ordubad district. Summary description: Created to preserve and restore the populations of the Transcaucasian moufflon, bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus), leopard, brown bear, Transcaucasian black grouse,

Area (hectare): 12131

Location: Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, on the territory of Ordubad district. Summary description: Created to preserve and restore the populations of the Transcaucasian moufflon, bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus), leopard, brown bear, Transcaucasian black grouse, hyena and Tetraogallus. All these species are listed in the Red Book of the Republic.

 

Name : Absheron National Park

Year of foundation: 2005

Area (hectare): 783

Location: Azizbeyov district, Baku, Absheron peninsula. Summary description: It was created with the purpose of conservation and restoration of populations of migratory and wintering waterbirds and the Caspian seal.

 

 

Name: Alty-Agach National Park

Year of foundation: 2004

Area (hectare): 11035

Location: In the territory of Khizi and Siyazan regions Description: Created with the aim of preserving the natural landscape of the southeastern range of the Greater Caucasus, restoring the diversity of flora and fauna. From mammals here are represented roe deer, brown bear, wild boar, raccoon, wolf, fox, migratory birds populations, many of which are included in the Red Book of Azerbaijan.

 

 

Name: Alty-Agach National Park

Year of foundation: 2004

Area (hectare): 11035

Location: In the territory of Khizi and Siyazan regions Description: Created with the aim of preserving the natural landscape of the southeastern range of the Greater Caucasus, restoring the diversity of flora and fauna. From mammals here are represented roe deer, brown bear, wild boar, raccoon, wolf, fox, migratory birds populations, many of which are included in the Red Book of Azerbaijan.