Name: Basitchay reserve
Year of creation: 1974
Area (hectare): 107
Location: Zangilan district, Basitchay valley
Short description: Created to preserve a unique plane tree grove. In October 1980, the reserve zone was reduced by 10 hectares. It consists of Quercis iberica and Caucasian hornbeam, and on the hilly plateau of the left bank, there are forests of Celtic kaukazika and Juniperus juniper (Juniperus polycarpos), Pistacia and other plants. Platanovye trees have an average age of 170 years, however, in the reserve you can also meet giant trees, whose age reaches 1200-1500 years. The height of these trees is 50 m with a trunk diameter of up to 4 m. The main protected object is the unique plane tree grove, which is the largest in the world.
Name: Garayaz Reserve
Year of foundation: 1978
Area (hectare): 9,658
Location: On the territory of Gazakh region, on the Kura bank in the Agstafa forestry
Short description:It was created to preserve and restore tugai forests of the Kura. Tugai forests and a steppe lowland landscape are typical for this region. In the past, the continuing line of tugai forests stretched along the middle and lower tribes of the Kura River, which was surrounded by forests within a radius of 600 km. The territory of the reserve is part of the Quaternary accumulative valley, slightly inclined towards the Kura River. The climate here is temperate warm semi-desert and arid steppe, for which is typically dry summers and mild winters. The main protected objects here are a huge strip of tugai forests of the middle tribe of the Kura River and a rare endangered ecosystem that is taut. Along the river grow shrubs willow, hawthorn and others.
Name: Garagel nature reserve
Year of foundation: 1987
Area (hectare): 240
Location:Lachin district, on the border with the Horus region of the Republic of Armenia.
Short description: It was created with the aim of preserving a rare ecological system of mountain lakes of glacial origin and a natural complex around the water basin of Lake Gara-Gel. Lake Ishigly-Gara-Gel is located at an altitude of 2,658 m above sea level in the southern part of the Karabakh volcanic plateau at the foot of several mountains 3,500 m high. The lake is a relict water reservoir formed in the crater of an extinct volcano. The length of the lake is 1,950 m, the maximum width is 1,250 m, the length of the coastline is 5,500 m, the maximum depth is 7,8 m, the water volume is 10 million cubic meters, the lake area is 13 square meters. Km. The flow of water is formed mainly from melting snow and rainwater, and also partly from spring water. From the point of view of botany and geography, the Karabakh plateau is located between the regions of the Caucasus, Armenia and Iran, which determines the specificity of the local flora. The flora of the reserve is represented by 102 species and subspecies Vascular plants of 68 breeds and 27 families. The lack of flora is explained by the fact that the reserve covers only the lake, and outside the protected area there are many rare and endemic species. The vegetation of the coastal zone of the lake is represented mainly by meadows dominated by trefoil, adraganthus and astragalus. Only two kinds of plants grow in the lake: Polygonum amphibium and buttercup. In 1967, a kind of Sevan trout introduced into the red Book was launched into the lake. The reserve is an interrepublican reserve.
Name: Goy-gol reserve
Year of foundation: 1925
Location: Goy-Gol region,Ganja
Short Description:It is the first reserve in Azerbaijan. The fate of this reserve can serve as an illustrative example of the wrong approach to the organization and functioning of state reserves, their dependence on urgent and firm decisions. The reserve was liquidated in 1950 and re-established in 1958. It existed for three years, it was again liquidated in 1961. On July 14, 1965, the Gey Gel State Reserve was restored for the third time. The reserve consists of 2 territories: the main Goy-gol Reserve and its subsidiary, which is called the Eldar Pine Grove. The distance between them is 80-85 km. The Eldar pine grove is protected by arid forest landscapes on the right bank of the Gabrieli River near the border with Georgia, where on the slopes of the Eldar Oyugu ridge are preserved unique natural groves of the Eldar pine. The Eldar pine grove has been protected since the end of the 19th century and this zone can be attributed to the oldest special conservation zone in the Transcaucasia. The total territory of the reserve is 6.732 hectares, of which 3.806 hectares are forest sites. Located in the north-eastern part of the Lesser Caucasus Range at an altitude of 1,100-3,060 m above sea level. It was created to protect and study the typical landscapes of mountain forests and subalpine zones of the Lesser Caucasus, preserve the purity of the water of Lake Goy-gol as a source of drinking water, as well as the unique grove of Eldarova pine. On the main territory of the reserve there is a mountainous and erosive relief. The north-eastern slopes of the Myrovdag ridge are a sequence of longitudinal auxiliary ridges and deep river valleys. The highest point is Mount Kapaz (3,065 m). In 1139, a strong earthquake destroyed a significant part of this peak. Large blocks of stone, falling, blocked river basins, including the Aksu River. As a result, a large number of lakes appeared, among which was Goy-gol The earthquake also completely destroyed the city of Ganja. Not only the lakes remind us of this terrible event, but also the rocks spread along the slopes of Mount Kapaz, creating an impressive landscape. Broadly distributed are multi-layered tugai, where the main forest species grow – Populus alba, oak, alder, acacia white. In the complex of tugai vegetation of the reserve: oak trees (850 hectares), poplar (560 hectares), acacia – consisting of acacia white (390 hectares), elm trees (167 hectares), asp trees (13 hectares) and willow (5 hectares). The process of regeneration of tugai forests is slow, with the rate of revival of 7-8 thousand trees per hectare and even less in poplar forests. The average age of trees in oak forests reaches 90 years, in poplar forests – 60 years. In the reserve there are also humid poplar forests with lianas (Clematis vitalba, Smilax excelsa, forest grapes), elm-poplar forests with bush undergrowth and others. Liano-poplar forests are characterized by high productivity: they contain giant trees 35-40 m high and Diameter of the trunk to 2.5 m. The nature of the reserve is specific. The following fish live in the river Kura: carp, carp, pike perch, catfish, pike, trout, hypophthalmictys molitrix and other fish species. Amphibians are represented by 6 species, reptiles of 10 species, birds of 70 species, including about 50 species of Passeriformes. From ungulates you can see a wild boar and a noble deer. Not so long ago deer were widely distributed in forest areas of the republic. Currently, the deer can be seen only in Garayaz forests in the western part of the country. Among the predators are wolves, jackals, foxes, ermines, stone marten, marsh lynx, wild (wild) cat and badger. You can also find a hedgehog, hare-hare and nutria. Among the birds you can find a white-tailed eagle, a burial ground, a black stork, a pheasant and a gray partridge. Caucasian sloe, bustard and Caucasian subspecies of otter, listed in the Red Book. Goy-gol is the largest and most beautiful lake in Azerbaijan. It is located at an altitude of 1556 m above sea level. Its maximum length is 2,450 m, width – 525 m, depth – 93 m, length of the coastline – 6,460 m. The area of the lake is 79 hectares, the water volume is 30 million cubic meters. The water of the lake is fresh, transparent and blue, due to which the lake was called Goy-gol, which in Azerbaijani means “blue lake”. In general, the territory of the reserve is 8 large lakes. The largest of them: Maral-Gel, Zali-Gel, Gara-Gel. Like Gei-Gel, all these lakes are surrounded by mountains. The reserve’s fauna is represented by many species of animals and birds, including Caucasian red deer, roe deer, badger, West Caucasian bison, mountain goat, brown bear, marten marten and stone marten, , Gray partridge, Tetraogallus and other species. And also 2 kinds of trout: lake and river trout. The population of lake trout was formed in Lake Goy-gol and other lakes of this region after its appearance in the 12th century.
Name: Gizilagaj Reserve
Year of foundation: 1929
Location: On the territory of Lenkoran district, in the Gulf of Gizilagh
Short description: It was created to preserve and reproduce wintering and migratory waterfowl, marsh and steppe birds. In 1976, the reserve was given the classification of a reserve of world significance, mainly in terms of the habitat of waterfowl and coastal birds. The reserve territory is an important place for rest and wintering of migratory birds in the Caspian region, which is parking for many species of birds from the western Evropy.Tipichnym sign Gizilagach reserve is extremely dynamic relationship between the change in the level of the Caspian Sea, wandering the riverbed of Kura and Arax rivers and anthropogenic activity. At present, the territory of the reserve is a coastal lowland, which are located below sea level and with various forms of natural and artificial water rezervuarov.Maksimalnaya height observed in Kulaginskoy zone in the center of the reserve – 24.5 m below sea level. The minimum height varies depending on the level of the Caspian Sea and during the whole period of the reserve existence ranged from 26-29 m; In 1995 it was 26.4 m. At present, the relief of the reserve is characterized by alternating low ridges (up to 1 m) and open valleys and old silted river beds. In some places, there are scattered former channels – ahrnazy; for the northern part of the typical ishory, flat plain with salty ozerami.V reserve there are 248 species of birds, including Francolinus (Francolinus), wild goose (Anser anser), white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons), little bustard (Otis tetrax), Plegadis falcinellus, Platalea leucorodia , Nycticorax nycticorax, Phoenicopteri, Branta ruficallis, ordinary falcon, Pelecanidae, Egyptian heron, yellow heron, swans, and other vidy.Podnyatie sea level caused the formation of a huge number of shallow bays with rich pastures, to help increase the number of hibernating waterfowl. A large concentration of ducks and coots in the open area of the bay, flocks of pink flamingos feeding (Phoenicopteri), white clouds swans, egrets standing in the water one by one, Rallidoe other Limicolae are a typical feature of the winter Gizilagach zapovednika.V reserve can also be seen wild boar, wolf, jackal, jungle cat, badger, otter, fox and other waters of the reserve of mammals usual 54 species of fish: carp, perch, Kutum Rutilus frisii, Mugilidae, Salmonidae and other <./p>
Name: Ilisu reserve
Year of foundation: 1987
Location: On the territory of the Gakh region, the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus, between the Zagatala and Ismaili nature reserves.
Short Description: Created to protect and restore natural complexes of the central part of the southern macro slopes of the Greater Caucasus; conservation of rare and endangered species of flora and fauna, and to determine the erosion of centers to reduce the risk of mud potokov.Relef formed by a combination of ridges and deep river valleys. The climate is determined by the geographical location of the territory, protected from the north by the Great Caucasus Range, by the great height of the territory and by the extremely dentate relief. Favorable climatic conditions (mild winter, summer moderate, warm spring and autumn, the abundance of rainfall during the growing season, the lack of prolonged drought and strong frost) contribute to the formation of a turbulent vegetation, particularly forest rastitelnosti.Osnovnymi protected objects are natural complexes middle area close -clones of the Great Caucasus. About 300 vascular plants grow from the reserve territory with more than 90 species of arboreal and shrubby type. The reserve flora includes medicinal (about 50 species), endemic, rare and endangered species. Tis (Taxus baccata) and birch are listed in the Red Book. 93% of the state reserve is covered with deciduous forests, where oak, beech and hornbeam prevail. Also, you can find linden, walnut, chestnut, ash, maple and dr.Bolee 150 vertebrate species live in the reserve and its fauna is the same southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Range. On the territory of the reserve there are bison, deer, chamois, roe deer, bears, wild bears, martens and other animals. The reserve rivers inhabited Forea, Barbus and others. Amphibians are represented by a tree frog (drevesnitsey), green and common toad, frogs, Asia Minor and the Caucasus. Reptiles are represented by 12 vidami.Na the reserve is home to over 90 species of birds belonging to 11 species: black crab buzzard, goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), kite, golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetus), Gypaetus peregrinus, bearded vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), the peregrine falcon ( Falco peregrinus), owl (Bubo bubo), eared owl (Asio otus), black neck (Falco peregrinus) common cutworm (Otus scops), Picnae and other birds. In the reserve there are more than 60 species of birds. 6 species of vertebrate mammals are listed in the Red Book: a stalk, a golden eagle, a bearded man, a peregrine falcon and others.
Year of foundation: 1981
Location: Ismailli region.
Short description:It was created to protect natural complexes of the central part of the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Range. It consists of two parts; The distance between them is about 1 km. The Topchy zone is located at an altitude of 800-2250 m above sea level. Its length is 18 km, width of 6 km and an area 5589 gektar.Zona Galigchi located in the eastern part of the Alazan – Agrichai valley at an altitude of 600-650 m and this part is mainly protects natural forests Quercus Castaneifolia. The organization of this reserve was dictated by the need to protect, restore, study and reproduce rare and endangered species of flora and fauna of this region. The Topchy zone has a mountainous terrain; Ridges and valleys in a southerly direction alternate with the plateau. With an increase in the absolute altitude of the zone, the sediments of the Quaternary, Tertiary, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods alternate with each other. In Galinchi zone prevail quaternary precipitation with tertiary clastic and carbonate porodami.Rastitelnost this region formed within Quaternary but retained some local flora tertiary species, for example, Taxus Baccata and Quercus castaneifolia listed in the Red Knigu.V zone Galinchi grow hornbeam and oak forests. Typical species of Hyrcanian flora are Quercus castaneifolia, which grows here and is of particular interest. 112 hectares of the whole territory is covered with forests, consisting of Quercus castaneifolia. Forest species are mainly represented by beech, hornbeam and oak; Also there are apple trees and ash. Rare Tertiary forests, consisting of Taxus baccata and Quercus castaneifolia, are of particular value. Throughout the last century the forests of this zone were intensively cut down. All this led to the replacement of beech hornbeam and oak on oak hornbeam forests with undergrowth of bushes and shrubs of hawthorn, wild rose, comel, meddler, plum (a cherry plum) and drugie.V reserve of about 170 species of vertebrates. The fauna of the rivers is represented by trout, barbus, etc. Unicellular species are represented by 6 species. Triturus, cricotas, inhabiting the forests of this zone and are rare in Azerbaijan. 17 species of reptiles: marsh turtle, Caspian and Mediterranean tortoise, Coluber jugularis, Coluber najadum, rat snake (Elaphe quadrivittatus), Tarbophis and caucasicus Telescopus, Vipera lebetina and Coronella austriaca According to preliminary data in the reserve 104 species of birds, which in turn are divided into 13 species. Here nest of such rare birds as the Aquila chrysaetus, Gypaetus barbatus and drugie.K mammals include the brown bear, wolf, jackal, marten, badger, roe deer, red deer, wild boar, roe deer, bison and other Dagestan. However, the fauna of mammals has not been studied enough. For example, there is little information about bats and insectivores gryzunah.Ohranyaemaya territory can not be regarded as a model of forest landscape on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Range. Long-term human intervention with the natural environment had an impact, both on the lowland and on the highlands of the reserve. In many areas of the reserve, untouched “virgin” forests have been replaced by secondary forests where hornbeam predominates. The upper boundary of the forest was lowered: the plant structure in the subalpine regions was subjected to significant changes. The small zone of the reserve does not give hope to the natural population of large mammals. But the creation of the reserve makes this possible by reducing the anthropogenic load and stopping further degradation of the ecosystem.
Name: Pirgulu State Reserve
Year of foundation: 1968
Location:On the territory of Shamakhi district, on the eastern extremity of the Greater Caucasus ridge
Short description: Creation of the reserve was due to the need to protect the natural complex and a typical landscape Shamakhi Plateau, which is one of the most beautiful regions of the north-eastern part of the Greater Caucasus Range. The reserve is divided into 3 parts: Arakhchi – situated on the slopes and the mountains Garth Girkh bulag-cutting area in the top part (at a height of 1,600-2000 meters above sea level). Pirkuli – covers timber portion Pirkuli Mount (1500 m) and is a middle area forest terrain, which is a low Dzhangi portion covering the entire northern mountainside Dzhangi (800-1100 m) The relief reserve mountainous strongly serrated; The watershed ridge alternates with canyons at a depth of 600 meters. Several rocks are exposed to denudation, landslides and small ravines formed due to mud flows. The most protected objects are: a forest ecosystem protected near the eastern border of the modern forest zone in the southern (south-eastern) macro-slopes of the Greater Caucasus; As well as several species of flora and fauna, such as Taxus baccata, listed in the Red Book. Dendraflora Reserve includes 60 species from which hornbeam Caucasian, Oriental oak (Fagus orientalls), but is the main Quercusiberica wood forming the wood. The animal world of the reserve is virtually unexplored and there is only a small amount of information on the mammalian fauna. Among insectivorous Crocidura, hedgehogs and moles. There are 7 species of rodents. Among the carnivores brown bear, wolf, jackal, fox, lynx, badger, pine and stone martens and weasels. Such a rare species of carnivorous mammal for the Caucasus as a hyena was seen here. Wild bear and deer, roe deer and red deer live in the reserve permanently environment in which to be exposed Reserve obvious anthropogenic changes over the past century. Extensive forest area has been cut down, in some places they have been replaced by secondary, mainly in the hornbeam. In most cases, meadows were formed at the cutting sites. The erosion process accelerated and became widespread. The water supply in sources and rivers also decreased significantly. Eliminating deforestation and certain adjustment pasteurization cattle has suspended the process of degradation, as well as with the establishment of the reserve began the recovery process landscape.
Name: Turianchay nature reserve
Year of foundation: 1958
location: On the territory of Agdash, Oguz, Yevlakh, Gabala, on the right bank of the Turian-tea river
Short description:It was created with the purpose of protection and restoration of arid-shrub forests and other natural resources; And to localize the place of concentration of erosion at the foot. The territory of the reserve is located at an altitude of 400-650 meters above sea level with a length of 35 km from east to west and 5 km from north to south. The reserve is located in the zone of semi-arid and arid forests, mainly consisting of pistachio, juniper, oak, which are of great importance in protection From soil erosion, water pollution, and also has a climatic significance. The lowland prevails in the relief of the reserve: Pirssei-Dag (609 m), Nulbon-dag (437), Arkhang-dag (476), Olmes-Dag (544) and others. As a rule, they have steep slopes, in some places destroyed slopes, and are separated by deep narrow valleys. The northern slopes are more gentle and covered with forests; Steep ascent and strong destruction are also observed at the northern slopes. 60 species of trees and shrubs grow on the territory of the reserve. The most rare-growing trees are: pistachio, juniper (Juniperus oxicedrus), Quercus Iberica, jasel, Caucasian celtis and pomegranate. In addition, the reserve also grows Quercus iberica, Populus, willow, alder and Elaeagnus. Two species of dendraflora, namely Juniperus and pomegranate, were listed in the Red Book. In the reserve are 24 species of mammals and 112 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles and 3 species of unicellular. Among the birds are partridge (Alectoris kakelik), Columbi formes, Gercheneis tinnunculus, griffin, black vulture (Aegypius monachus) and others. Among mammals – wild boar, brown bear, badger, stone marten, lynx, jackal, European wildcat, hare and Others. Reptiles – Coluber jugularis and Vipera lebetina. The Caspian tortoise can meet along the riverbed and canals, the Mediterranean on the slopes of the mountains, well known as the Coluber caucasicus and included in the Red Book. Specially protected objects include the Boz-Dag Range with pistachio forests, a semi-arid, arid-steppe and tugai vegetation zone. The state of arid forests on the Boz-Dagh accentuates its great attention due to the fact that the regeneration process proceeds slowly, despite the productivity of most species of trees, including juniper. The founding of the Turianchai Reserve contributed to the improvement of the situation associated with the regeneration of local forests. During the 40 years of the reserve’s existence, the area and quantity of pistachio and juniper forests expanded. Also, the replacement of juniper forests with pistachio trees has stopped. The presence of grass and shrubs significantly reduces the process of soil erosion
Name: Zagatala reserve
Year of foundation: 1929
Location: Zakatal and Balakan regions, on the southern micro-slope of the middle part of the Greater Caucasus Ridge
Short description: The Zakatal region was established to protect and study the flora and fauna of the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus. The territory of the reserve has a very complex relief due to the sharp protrusions of the main mountain range stretching to the north and northeast: Agkemal, Katslar, Pichgel, Khalagel, Ruchug, Murovdag and others, separated by deep river valleys (canyons). Slopes, the steepness of which is 40-80 hectares and more occupy a zone of more than 450 hectares; The steep slopes are 25-40 meters high. The relief reflects the activity of glaciers and other forms of erosion. The asymmetry of the river basin is typical: mountain slopes, deep canyons and valleys that have a sharply outlined contour. The territory of the reserve was mentioned by botanists as the Iberian zone. By the end of the Tertiary period, the forests of this zone had a different composition, which was under the influence of the Hyrcanic forests, and were much richer in composition. The modern flora of the reserve includes 1000 varieties. The most typical representatives of ancient plants like rhododendron yellow, Laurocerasus officinalis, Caucasian bilberry-bush, Taxus baccata, maple, Polypodiopita and others protected in this territory. Fagus orientalis form a forest, and like Quercus Iberica and Corylus colurna belong to the ancient species of plants. Also, such rare species of plants as Taxus baccata, apple, ash, birch, alder, cherry tree, pear tree and others were seen. The fauna of the reserve is represented by a rich species composition. Among them: Dagestan bison, chamois, deer noble, roe deer, brown bear, fox, badger, Mustela nivalis, marten marten and stone marten, lynx, squirrel and others. 104 species of birds, including several birds of prey: eared owl, golden eagle (Aquilla chrysaetos), Cerchneis tinnunculus, Neophron percnopterus, bearded (Gypaetus barbatus), (Gyps fulvus), black vulture. Specially protected are such rare species as the bearded (Gypaetus barbatus), golden eagle (Aquilla chrysaetos), peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), Tetraogallus, Accipiter badius, listed in the Red Book.
Name: Eldar Nature Reserve
Year of foundation: 2004
Location: Samukh region
Short description: It was created with the aim of preserving the genetic fund, the biological diversity of ecological systems, the unique forests of the Eldar pine. The Eldar pine is 100-120 years old, 2-6 m in height, and 10-28 cm in diameter. The fauna does not differ, Only the hares, and from the birds – partridges. Eldar pine is included in the red book of Azerbaijan.
Name: Shakhbuz Reserve
Year of creation: 2004
Area (hectare): – Location: Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, on the Bichenek Pass and Lake Batabat
Short description: Created to preserve the unique flora and fauna of the mountainous terrain of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic. The reserve is located at an altitude of 2200-2400 meters above sea level of the mountainous terrain. There are 2,899 plant species and 285 animal species.
Name: Shirvan Nature Reserve
Year of Creation: 1969
Area (hectare): 17445
Location: On the territory of Salyan and Neftchala districts
Short description: The reserve was created on the site of the Bendovan Wildlife Refuge to preserve and increase the number of gazelles, waterfowl. In 1982, the territory of the reserve was expanded and brought to 25.8 thousand hectares. 3.5 hectares of the territory is a water basin. The ornithological fauna of the reserve is very rich. In wetlands, rare and valuable migratory birds winter and nest. In 2003, the main part of the reserve was transferred to the Shirvan National Park, at present the total area of the reserve is 6232 ha. After the creation of the Shirvan National Park by the order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on July 5, 2003, the territory of the Shirvan State Nature Reserve was 6232 hectares.