Baku is the capital of the independent Azerbaijan Republic, a large scientific, technical and industrial center. By its antiquity, the size of the territory and population, Baku is one of the oldest and largest cities in the East. People from ancient times settled in the city of Baku and Absheron peninsula and created settlements here. The reason for this was the physico-geographical conditions of the city of Baku, its location in the center of the intersection of migration and trade routes stretching from north to south, from west to east (the Silk Road), climatic conditions and fuel and energy wealth, The surface of the earth, and called “nafta.”
The first information about Baku appeared in the “Book of the Dead” 3500 years BC, during the reign of the first Egyptian pharaoh Menesan. The ancient rock paintings in Absheron and Gobustan (12 thousand years ago), the archaeological finds, the rock record left by Augustus Gaius Octavius, tell of the ancient city of Baku, tells about the military camps, broken near Baku (40 km to the south) in the I century to AD Roman emperor Pompey and Lucullus for the purpose of occupation of Transcaucasia. Given these dates, it can be established that the city of Baku is over 5.5 thousand years old.
In the 12th century Baku was one of the main cities of the state of the Shirvanshahs, the 16th century – the Safavid state, the 17th century – the Ottoman Empire, the 18th century – the Baku Khanate.
The city of Baku is located in the south of the Absheron peninsula, on the shore of the Caspian Sea, its area is 2200 sq. Km. Km, the population of about 2 million. In addition, about 500,000 refugees and internally displaced persons, expelled by the Armenian invaders from the occupied regions and the Armenian Republic, live in the city of Baku.
Baku includes 11 administrative districts, 5 urban-type settlements.